Bologna

Principal city of Emilia Romagna, Bologna is an ancient city known for its cultural splendor as much as for its magnificent architectural heritage.
Bologna has a very ancient history, protected by the Apennines to the west and east by the Adriatic Sea, located between the rivers Reno and Savena, their lands are very fertile and temperate climate. The whole region of Emilia Romagna is very nice to visit for its landscapes that are very different from every point of view.
The prosperity of the region is based on a dynamic agriculture, major exporter of famous parmesan cheese tortellini and, of different wines such as Lambrusco, Sangiovese and Trebbiano, sausages like mortadella and ham from Parma ... earned the name of "fat" for its excellent food products, culinary opulence and prosperity productive.

The founding of the University of Bologna back to the eleventh century and is the oldest in Europe, hence the nickname of Bologna "the Learned".
Dante, Petraca, Boccaccio and Erasmo frequented their classrooms and today remains one of the world's most prestigious universities, many chairs such as Umberto Eco calls students worldwide.

Immediately guess the importance of this city in the past against the architectural remains proudly offered the old town. The state of conservation of heritage that unfolds through the medieval, Renaissance impacts all spirits. The Piazza Maggiore remains an emblem of this golden age, many sumptuous palaces San Petronio Basilica framed while Fontana Nettuno (Neptune Fountain) continues to impose its powerful silhouette carved in the sixteenth century. Noble families contributed to the splendor cultural, literary and political of the city and is called the "Red" for the color of the tile roofs and brick facades.

In this city do not need to pray to savor a cuisine whose fame has traveled the world as one of the best in Italy or explore on foot because every corner of Bologna is amazing.

Bologna Tourism is very simple as it is, like all Italian cities, very well connected to the rest of the world. DeBolonia International Airport is the "Guglielmo Marconi" distant only 6 km from the city center. This airport handles domestic and international flights, including flights and charters and low cost is the most important airport in the region of Emilia Romagna. Go from the airport to the city center is very simple with the "Aerobus", public transport making the link between the airport and the railway station in Bologna in just 18 minutes. From the place of arrival in the station can perform other combinations to different parts of the region, the rest of Italy and even other parts of Europe.
It also provides airport taxi service and car rental. We consider 5 euros per person for the Aerobus and about 15 & euro for the taxi ride. But we prefer to save money, two regular bus lines depart from the airport, lines 81 and 91 and pass directly through the center of Bologna before passing through the train station, charge about 1.50 & euro.
We should note that the train station is about 10 minutes from downtown.
In the region of Emilia Romagna and 70 km from Bologna's other airport receives domestic flights from various cities in Europe, also low-cost, is the Airport "Luigi Ridolfi" in the town of Forli, from there it is possible, using service taxis or minibuses, get to the train station and from there reach Forli to Bologna as there are numerous daily connections between the stations of Forli and Bologna and some (we inform correctly) make the journey in less than 40 minutes. We can also get to Forli airport and rent a car to head to Bologna.

Thanks to its geographic location in the north of the peninsula, almost all the country trains pass through the city connecting Bologna with the rest of the peninsula, also high-speed trains.

If you prefer to travel to Bologna by car either because we visit other cities or around or because they decided to make the trip from another country, we will not have any problems. Bologna is also well connected by numerous highways and roads.
The A1 leads from Milan, Florence and Rome, the A13 from Ferrara, Padua and Venice, the A14 from Rimini or Ravenna.
The road popularly called "the tangenziale" which connects Milan to the Adriatic coast, the Via Emilia or S9, runs through the city. All combinations are possible, all highways are in perfect condition, roads and secondary roads and signage are also excellent.

The accommodation and hotels in Bologna and its surroundings is wide and varied. There are hotels of all categories, hotels "boutique" spa hotels, hostels, B & B, houses and apartments to rent, lodging in religious institutions, motels, youth hostels, residential camping with all the services to install our store or bungalows, caravans and chalets but we must consider that Bologna has a population of over 100,000 students and incurred permanently conferences, seminars, meetings, so many times the hotel capacity is filled by the presence of numerous participants in these events and is convenient-to not be walking around the city looking for a place to sleep, book early.
The city has a service, "Prenotazione Center" (Center Reservations) which is constantly updated and could guide us.

Once installed go out to conquer the long Via Bologna dell'Independenza touring and will surprise the arcades, a book that chronicles the life of filmmaker Pier Paolo Pasolini, who died tragically and born in this city, Bologna described as the city of arcades.
These arches support apartments for centuries housed many poor students who came to attend the courses of the prestigious university but also allowed all social activity is developed there, the street became a long corridor where life flowed seamlessly and became a wonderful meeting place, the palace of the wealthy merchant and poor student apartment bind under these arcades without distinction.
The Via dell'Independenza flows into the Piazza Maggiore, the main center of the city intercom and epicenter of all demonstrations, rallies, public concerts, social meeting place par excellence. The Piazza Maggiore brings in an eclectic mosaic public and private buildings, there is Palazzo Accursio (town hall) is a building built in the thirteenth century and takes place a tourist office that provides comprehensive and detailed information, also organized small samples art and exposed the municipal art collection in the Museum Morando. The stairs leading to the rooms are a curiosity to part because their steps are designed to allow entry (not now!) Of the gentlemen on horseback. (Open Tuesday to Friday from 10am to 20pm, Saturday from 14 to 20h and Saturday from 10 to 19h)

Imposing on the square stands the Basilica of San Petronio, with its typical pink and red, it was built in the fourteenth century and San Petronio is the patron saint of the city. Although they had been remodeled after World War II, is an example of French Gothic architecture (Via dell'Archiginnasio).
Not far away is the Fountain of Neptune which dates from 1566.
Bologna and not to be outdone though is of course less known, also has a "leaning tower" and even more famous towers, the towers Asinelli and Garisenda, built in the twelfth century by noble families, you can go up and get a magnificent view of the city.

The churches, as in Italy, do not want in Bologna, one of the most renowned is the Abbey of St. Stephen, in Piazza Santo Stefano, built in the eleventh century was, in principle, a complex of seven churches and today only are four Roman style. Built on an ancient pagan temple maintains some unity through communication between them by clusters of individual prayer. The architectural style is very simple resulting in an atmosphere of peace and very special gathering, also influenced by the half-light and the silence. One of the chapels, Calvary Church is known as the "Jerusalem of Bologna" because he has played in one of its dependencies the Holy Sepulchre.

To end the day so succulent we lost in the maze of alleyways that occur between the Piazza Maggiore and Piazza Minghetti to discover the typical Bologna food stores, shops and other small installed some outdoor stalls, selling the most delicious products "paese" as the Italians say like talking about their city or region.

Our next journey may be the musical Bologna since this city is legendary for his love of music. In historical can see the "luthiers" working, we like a "snack" with violins or lunch with live music.
The Gran Teatro Municipal of Bologna belongs to the eighteenth century, the service "Le Guide d'Arte" organizes guided tours in several languages, we inform and point us in advance, despite its external view is amazing and deserves closer to Via Respighi 1 for we admire but not enter, from there we continue our musical journey visiting the Conservatory of Santa Cecilia and Oratorio.
After visiting them and always walking through the gates of this city reached the choir of Santa Maria dei Servi, Guerrazi walking down the street near the Philharmonic Academy.
Bologna musical places occur with many more historical sites like the chapels that maintain the tradition of the bell and the International Library of Music, one of the oldest and most comprehensive in the world. Do not forget that Bologna was declared by UNESCO and, after the city of Seville, "City of Music".

The underlying Bologna or subtracted to the tourist's view is as interesting as the one shown haughty and proud of its cultural wealth, Bologna is a disturbing, is that of the many canals that meant at the time the driving force behind the great industrial growth of the city and is now hidden.
We can see through a small window on Via Piella 18. But there are also underground channels that we can visit through association "Amici delle Acque di Bologna" (Friends of the Water of Bologna) who organize tours.
A disturbing visit will not be surprised, much as the "Bagni di Mario" (Mario Bath) in Via San Mamolo, huge underground cistern dating from the fifteenth century or enter the Sala Borsa, in Piazza Nettuno 3, old the Stock Exchange of Bologna, built in the nineteenth century and today houses a Multimedia Library but, under a glass floor in the central courtyard, may be remnants from the times of the Romans and the Etruscans.

We reponernos from walking with a beautiful day in the hot springs of Bologna. In the Via di Vagno 7, a spa complete renovation assures us (rates ranging from 60 to 140 Euros, according to our plan. Open Monday to Friday from 8 to 10:30 p.m., Saturdays from 8 to 19h and Sundays closed) waters are rich in minerals and the establishment is recognized by the Ministry of Health, is easily reached by car through the exit of the "Tangenziale" and taking bus line 14.

There are many paths and endless possibilities offered by this city for our solace and wonder, walk the streets allows us to discover its wonders, its characters, its prodigal sons, their mysteries. Bologna often presents as haunting and beautiful as Venice. His old arcades allow us to enjoy the city despite the intense summer sun, winter icy wind or rain at any time, in Bologna tourists have not lost days.

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